All children are not the same, there are some children with disabilities and some without. Those with one or more disabilities can find it difficult and hard to learn in the traditional sense, unlike the majority of children. The practice of teaching students with disabilities in a way that addresses their individual challenges is known as (SEN). It requires the adequate and enhanced planning plus an individualised approach. Often special equipment or learning guides are used to teach students with SEN in order to provide every opportunity for them to be successful and recognized both in school and their communities.

Language is not part of the disabilities required for a special education needs. Though, some children whose first language is not English may find difficulties in coping with their education if not taught in their mother-tongue; however, such is not a requirement for special learning. Some learning disabilities might be obvious right from the early age of the child while some may not be noticed until they start schooling. A child with learning difficulties can find it difficult to express themselves or understand fully what other people are doing and why. Such an individual may not be able to read, write or understand what people are saying.

Children who need special education are those who have difficulty in communicating, have a behavioral disorder, emotional instability, visual difficulty, hearing and other physical difficulties.


The disabilities are obvious in some students, whereas some are not so. The medical history of some children can be used to identify if they need special education or not. It is possible that such an individual has been diagnosed for problems associating to intellectual disabilities, hearing problems, visual difficulties or mental disorder.

Identifying the students with less apparent disabilities can be challenging sometimes. However, they are easily be identified through the discrepancy and reaction to intervention model. The discrepancy model is when the teacher noticed that the performance of the student is below par. The student who is considered to have normal IQ is given special education if his or her academic performance is not up to what is expected from an individual with such an IQ. This method of identifying disable students lacks credibility because it’s unable to differentiate between students who has normal IQ but low performance and students with low IQ and low performance.

The alternative method is the reaction to intervention. With this method, children that are struggling with their academics are quickly identified in their first or second year in school. These group of people will now be subjected to a reading remedy program, and from this, children with disabilities are identified by their response to this intervention.


Special needs education helps in giving children with unique requirements a high standard of education that will help in them having a reasonable and noticeable impact in their community. It also provides physical treatment, mental treatment, transportation and support for the family.

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